Project proposal details
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Non-reproductive sexual behaviour: how does environment shape the behavioural phenotype of rhesus macaques?
Project based at
Silwood Park (Imperial)
The prevalence and diversity of non-reproductive sexual behaviour, especially same-sex sexual behaviour, has been frequently reported in primates (and indeed across the animal kingdom), but how do different environments affect such behaviours, and how far can we apply these predictors within or across species and their environments? These are questions of increasing interest to behavioural ecologists, and a great number of candidate effects have already been proposed (for example family structure, population density and operational sex-ratios). Specifically, this project will examine evidence for environmental effects on non-reproductive sexual behaviour in rhesus macaques. The first part of the project will encourage behavioural observations of captive or free-ranging primates (subject to COVID-19 Restrictions – see below) and data collation of candidate environmental effects. The second part of the project will use this data along with: (1) our pre-existing; and (2) publicly available datasets to assess the significance of different hypotheses concerning the consistency of environmental effects on sexual behaviour in macaques. The student will also be encouraged to consider the question more broadly across other genera, and an emphasis of the environmental contrasts between captive and wild populations may also be explored.
Data science: R programming & GLMM approaches
Fieldwork: Primate observation protocols & sampling methods
NB depending on COVID-19 restrictions, fieldwork opportunities may vary between the UK and Caribbean (or in extreme cases pure bioinformatics projects will be made available).
Scharf, I. & Martin, O.Y. (2013) Same-sex sexual behavior in insects and arachnids: Prevalence, causes, and consequences. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 67 (11), 1719–1730. doi:10.1007/s00265-013-1610-x.
Clive, J., Flintham, E. & Savolainen, V. (2020) Understanding same-sex sexual behaviour requires thorough testing rather than reinvention of theory. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 4, 784-785. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1189-3.
Sommer, V. & Vasey, P. (2006) Homosexual Behaviour in Animals: An Evolutionary Perspective. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
The project is cosujervised by Jackson Clive
Project proposal limitations
The project proposer has indicated that there are some limitations to the availability of this project. It may only be available at certain times of year or suit a specific project length. It may also need skills taught to students on a particular course or courses.
Research project proposals are usually part of an active research programme. If supervisors have stated limitations to a proposal, then they are unlikely to have any flexibility. If you are very interested in the topic but have problems with the stated limitations, the supervisor may still be happy to talk to you about other options around the proposal, but you should not expect that any alternative arrangements can be made.
Project length limitations
5 months, 9 months